BS 1377-3:1990 有關土木工程土的試驗方法 第三部分: 化學和電化學試 驗

目錄
前言 iii
1 范圍 .................................................................................................................................................. 1
2 定義 .................................................................................................................................................. 1
2.1 滴定法 ..................................................................................................................................... 1
2.2 指示劑 ..................................................................................................................................... 1
2.3 PH 值 ........................................................................................................................................ 1
2.4 電阻率(土) ......................................................................................................................... 1
2.5 氧化還原勢(還原勢/氧化勢) ............................................................................................ 1
3 確定有機質含量 .............................................................................................................................. 1
3.1 綜述 ......................................................................................................................................... 1
3.2 試驗儀器 ................................................................................................................................. 2
3.3 試劑 ......................................................................................................................................... 2
3.4 程序 ......................................................................................................................................... 3
3.5 計算 ......................................................................................................................................... 6
3.6 試驗報告 ................................................................................................................................. 6
4 測定灼燒的質量損失 ...................................................................................................................... 7
4.1 綜述 ......................................................................................................................................... 7
4.2 試驗儀器 ................................................................................................................................. 7
4.3 試驗程序 ................................................................................................................................. 7
4.4 計算 ......................................................................................................................................... 8
4.5 試驗報告 ................................................................................................................................. 9
5 測定土及地下水的硫酸鹽含量 ..................................................................................................... 9
5.1 綜述 ......................................................................................................................................... 9
5.2 制備土及其酸提取物 ........................................................................................................... 10
5.3 制備土及其水提取物 ........................................................................................................... 13
6 確定碳酸鹽含量 ............................................................................................................................ 15
6.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 15
6.2 土樣制備 ............................................................................................................................... 16
6.3 快速滴定法 ........................................................................................................................... 17
6.4 重量法 ................................................................................................................................... 19
7 確定氯化物的含量 ........................................................................................................................ 20
7.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 20
7.2 確定水溶性氯化物的含量 .................................................................................................... 20
7.3 酸溶性氯化物含量的確定 .......................................................................................................... 24
8 總溶解固體的確定 ........................................................................................................................ 27
8.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 27
8.2 儀器 ....................................................................................................................................... 27
8.3 試驗過程 ............................................................................................................................... 27
8.4 計算 ....................................................................................................................................... 28
8.5 試驗報告 ............................................................................................................................... 28
9 PH 值的確定 ................................................................................................................................. 28
9.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 29
許可副本:曼徹斯特大學, 2005/11/10 ,不受控, © BSI
BS 1377-3:1990
©BSI 0 2 - 1999
ii
9.2 儀器 ....................................................................................................................................... 29
9.3 試劑 ....................................................................................................................................... 29
9.4 試樣制備 ............................................................................................................................... 29
9.5 確定PH 的電測法 ................................................................................................................. 30
9.6 試驗報告 ............................................................................................................................... 30
10 電阻率測定 ............................................................................................................................... 31
10.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 31
10.2 電阻率的測量:盤電極法 .................................................................................................... 31
10.3 電阻率的測量:溫納探針法 ................................................................................................ 35
10.4:電阻率測試方法:開敞集裝箱方法 ........................................................................................ 38
11 氧化還原勢的測量 .................................................................................................................... 41
11.1 綜述 ....................................................................................................................................... 41
11.2 儀器 ....................................................................................................................................... 42
11.3 反應物 ................................................................................................................................... 43
11.4 步驟 ....................................................................................................................................... 43
11.5 計算 ....................................................................................................................................... 44
11.6 試驗報告 ............................................................................................................................... 45
參考出版物 ............................................................................................................................................ 58
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